WHO to declare monkey pox disease a global health emergency: As the number of monkeypox cases increases in several countries, World Health Organization (WHO) experts met to evaluate whether the recent outbreak constitutes an international emergency. The case count from the current monkeypox outbreak outside of Africa has topped 3,000 in more than 40 countries, largely among men who have sex with men – since it was first reported in May. However, have been no reports of deaths. Click here to join whatsapp/telegram study group →
It is notable that only six such emergencies have previously been declared – Covid-19 (2020), the Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo (2019), Zika virus (2016), polio (2014), West Africa`s Ebola outbreak (2014), and the H1 virus that caused an influenza pandemic (2009). Download Last 1 year current affairs PDF.
Other outbreaks, such as yellow fever in Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congo in 2016, were assessed by the WHO`s committee but ultimately did not meet the criteria.
What is monkeypox infection?
Monkeypox is an infectious disease caused by the monkeypox virus that can occur in certain animals and humans. The disease can appear similar to chickenpox.
Monkeypox virus is an Orthopoxvirus, a genus of the family Poxviridae that contains other viral species that target mammals. The virus is found mainly in tropical rainforest regions of Central and West Africa.
Symptoms of Monkeypox
Symptoms begin with fever, headache, muscle pains, swollen lymph nodes, and feeling tired.
This is followed by a rash that forms blisters and crusts over.The time from exposure to onset of symptoms is around 10 days. The duration of symptoms is typically 2 to 5 weeks.
The disease mostly occurs in Central and West Africa. It was first identified in 1958 among laboratory monkeys. The first cases in humans were found in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Limited person-to-person spread of infection has been reported in disease-endemic areas in Africa.
Non-fatal cases of monkeypox can result in permanent vision loss due to damage of the cornea.
Humans can be infected by an animal via a bite, or by direct contact with an infected animal’s bodily fluids. The virus can also spread from human to human, by respiratory (airborne) contact or by contact with an infected person’s bodily fluids.
Treatment of Monkeypox
Currently, no treatment for monkeypox has been shown to be effective or safe. Vaccination against smallpox is assumed to provide protection against human monkeypox infection.